Duodenal Switch Vs. SADI, SIPS, Loop DS
The well-known standard Duodenal Switch (DS) operation is a clearly defined operation. It is assigned a specific CPT code (43845), which defines precisely that anatomy.
SADI, SIPS and Single anastomosis Loop DS are not equivalents of the standard DS operation. In fact, from a physiologic perspective, the dissimilarities are more notable than the similarities when it comes to the theoretical weight loss mechanisms that are involved.
The most critical information, however, is that the scientific data for SADI, SIPS and Single anastomosis Loop DS are very limited and thus far, short-term only. At the time of the publication of this summary, there is a research study that is looking into the efficacy, safety and the short- and mid-term outcome of the procedures. This is while some surgeons are offering these procedures as a substitute (or an alternative) of the standard DS, and claiming that it is an equivalent to the standard DS. This position has simply not been proven, nor is it likely to be true.
|Duodenal Switch||SADI-SIPS, Loop DS|
|Proven Long term outcome||Yes, with over 20 years outcome- (reference)||No Long Term outcome. An Experimental procedure being studied (reference)|
|Bile Reflux||Not anatomically possible||Possible complication|
|Long term weight loss||Best outcome (reference)||No long-term data. The expectation would be that the weight loss will be much less than that of the Duodenal Switch with the potential of significant regain.
|Potential nutritional deficiencies||Possible – (reference %) corrected with supplementation||Inadequate data|
|Individually tailored||Yes if the common and alimentary bowel lengths done as percentage of the total length (Hess Method)||Every patient gets the same operation|
|Diet for best outcome||Broad healthy non restrictive||No long term data|
|Variable a surgeon can adjust for the best outcome||1-stomach size
2-Common and Alimentary limb (are the same)
|Selective Fat Malabsorption||Yes- negligible fat absorption in the Alimentary limb||No-The Alimentary the common channel are the same – no selective fat malabsorption|
|Selective nutrient absorption||Yes- The Alimentary and common channels are separate.||No-The Alimentary ad Common Channels are the same. Much higher increase in caloric absorption.